Evolution of Women’s Sport
According to the history, sport history in women started in the early 19th century when there were some famous sports for the upper social class and men like: horseback riding, archery, golf, tennis and skiing.
But until 1900, female athletes had the right to join the Olympic Games officially. As the rule of society, only male Greek citizens who were free, could participate in the 1st modern Olympic Games and the ancient Olympic Games. Although female athletes became one of part of Olympic Games, there were only 12 female athletes participated out of the 1066 athletes from 19 countries. They only competed golf and tennis.
In the 3rd Louis Olympics, the female athletes only contributed archery event. But coming to the 4th London Olympics, they could participate more sports including archery, figure skating and tennis. This status continued to improve in the 5th Stockholm Olympics with diving, swimming and tennis as the main events.
The reasons for number of events were decided by men who operated the Olympic Games so they thought that the female athlete only suited for ‘feminine sport” such as archery, figure skating, diving or tennis. So they always limited events and talent of the female athlete.
Women’s sport in Japan
Japan was one of the first country which respected and looked up to women’s sport in equality with the men.
Tennis and swimming were applied to students of higher girls’ school in 1920s. School organized competitions among other girl’s schools for various sports like: swimming, baseball, tennis, volleyball and basketball. Even these events were developed to national level of competitions.
In 1926, Japan Women’s Sport Federation was found to organize, support and train the women athlete professionally. This federation produced excellent female athletes to be half of Japan and join the international competitions. There were many achievements and rewards for the Japan Women’s Sport.